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Persian carpets are made by hand and the patience and skill that go into the thousands of knots are almost beyond belief. The density and how well the knots have been executed are crucial in the rug weaving process. A higher knot density usually means the pattern of the rug is more distinctive and detailed. The amount of knots can be inspected on the backside of the rug; The clearer the backing of the rug, the better the craftmanship. The knot density in the finest rug qualities can reach to over a million knots per square meter.
Although the amount of knots is an important factor in the rug purchasing process it shouldn’t be the only measurement for quality. The overall craftmanship and quality of the rug should be considered as well, unless the customer specifically wants to buy a high end rug where the knot density can be seen as a valuable character in the area of luxury handmade rugs
Kelims and flat weave carpets
Kilim’s and flat weave rugs are woven by using a different method of weaving in which there is no soft hair left in the rug’s exterior. In Kilim carpets this is often an advantage as there are two sides to be used & therefore no right or wrong side to display. There are also other flat weave rugs like The Sumak rugs which have a typical back and front side to the rug.
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When selecting rugs, our focus is on premium natural materials, mainly wool, which thanks to its superior natural properties and low processing, is one of the most durable and sustainable of all available materials. Wool naturally repels dirt and cleanses itself in fresh air. To freshen woolen textiles, it is often enough simply to dust and air them.
Due to its durability, cotton, is a widely used material as the loom of the carpet. The Loom is the interior of the rug which creates a structure the knots are woven into. That’s why it’s important the loom is made from a structurally resistant material.
Silk is an illuminous material that is used in more refined rug styles. It has a superior shining character to it and the production of silk is time consuming which makes it a more valuable raw material. For example Qom, Kashmir & Hereke rugs are some traditional silk rug styles.
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Only natural colors were used in the dyeing process for rugs up until the ending of the 19th century. With natural dyes the appearance is more subtle and the colors will be a bit softer compared to the use of synthetic colors. Dyeing with natural colors takes more skill, time and knowledge, and is more expensive than using modern chemical dyes. With chemical dyes it’s possible to create more powerful color nuances hence the patterns are more distinguishable from the rug.
However many of the modern day rugs are a hybrid between natural dyeing and chemical dyeing, so a balanced aesthetic that fits the modern day can be achieved. Synthetic dyes are chemically produced which makes controlling the dyeing process easier and more predictable compared to the use of natural dyes.